Type 2 diabetes can affect many different parts of your health. Diabetes causes high blood sugar, which can cause problems with the heart, kidneys, eyes, nerves, and other parts of the body. High blood sugar that lasts for a long time hurts blood vessels, which raises the risk of heart disease and stroke. Damage to the kidneys (diabetic nephropathy) can make them work less well.
Diabetic retinopathy can make it hard to see or even cause you to go blind. Peripheral neuropathy can make the limbs hurt and feel numb. If you don't have good circulation, wounds may take longer to heal and you may be more likely to get illnesses. Diabetes can also have an effect on mental health, making stress and sadness worse. People with diabetes need to take their medicine, make changes to their lifestyle, and be checked on regularly in order to lessen these affects and keep their general health. Going to the doctor regularly and following their care plan can help avoid or effectively handle problems.